Category Archives: Environment

Man Pleads Guilty to Poaching Deer on Staten Island

NBC New York, March 23rd, 2015


A Staten Island man has pleaded guilty to illegally killing a deer in what may be New York City’s first-ever poaching case.

David G. Oakes was ordered to pay $3,000 in fines after entering guilty pleas to several charges including illegal taking of a deer without a license and trespassing.

Oakes was arrested by state environmental conservation officers at Schmul Playground, in the Travis-Chelsea neighborhood on the west side of the island, on Nov. 11.

He declined comment to NBC 4 New York on Friday.

The Staten Island Advance reports that the man was nabbed after officers caught him dressed in camouflage, carrying a bow. He allegedly set up cans and bait piles to lure the deer into his sights, and had no hunting license.

The man hadn’t actually killed a deer when he was arrested, the Advance reports, but told police he had taken down an eight-point buck in the same spot a year before.

Oakes’ conviction comes as the city’s least populous borough sees an explosion in poaching instances, the Advance reports. The paper reports that at least one poacher killed a deer with a shotgun, but most illegal hunters have used crossbows and composite bows.

Hunting is illegal on Staten Island and in New York City’s other four boroughs. Westchester and Suffolk counties permit deer hunting, but only with a bow.

Deer populations have risen exponentially on Staten Island in recent years.


After Sandy: State’s $96M plan aims to prepare LI communities for big storms


By JO NAPOLITANO: Oct 29, 2014

The state will push ahead with 25 local projects aimed at making some Long Island communities better prepared for a major weather event two years after superstorm Sandy caused $8.4 billion in damages to the region.

These plans, which officials have outlined to Newsday, sprang from the New York Rising Community Reconstruction Program and will cost $96 million, officials said.

Critics say these projects — which include bulkheads in Long Beach and drainage improvements in other communities — won’t keep water out of Nassau and Suffolk counties, as many had hoped.

“If you are really planning to protect the South Shore of Long Island, you need to be able to close off the inlets,” said John D. Cameron Jr., chairman of the Long Island Regional Planning Council.

Gov. Andrew M. Cuomo said in a statement the selected plans will help the area.

“These projects are all about building a more resilient Long Island from the ground up,” he said. “We launched the NY Rising program last year to help empower local communities . . . to build back better than ever before.”

His office declined to make a representative available to answer follow-up questions.

Infrastructure proposals

Islandwide, several multimillion-dollar infrastructure projects are underway — dune replenishment on the East End and the strengthening of electrical and rail systems among them.

On a more local level, vulnerable communities were given an opportunity through New York Rising last year to develop plans that would better protect them.

The 25 approved projects come from a list of more than 600 ideas proposed by 21 New York Rising groups across Long Island, mostly along the South Shore. A 22nd group, Bay Shore, is drafting its plans.

Each was made up of volunteers who met repeatedly with state planning experts; elected officials were barred from the process.

A Newsday analysis found that only about 100 of the 229 highest priority projects as selected by the groups could eventually keep water out of Island communities, or better protect homes, businesses and roads once floods occur.

Roughly 30 of the 100 plans would fund only studies — mostly of drainage and shoreline stabilization — meaning that about 70 could bring more immediate relief.

Members of these groups said the priority projects they chose addressed their most immediate concerns, though they are not enough to prevent the type of damage brought by superstorm Sandy.

Erik Mahler, who helped craft the Baldwin/Baldwin Harbor group’s plan, said the region needs to build more costly barriers, like gates.

“All of these little projects . . . will help out during the [Tropical Storm] Irenes,” he said. “The flood gates are the only things that will help alleviate the Sandys.”

Superstorm Sandy stuck on Oct. 29, 2012, and devastated much of the South Shore, particularly in Nassau County. To help with the recovery, Congress approved $60 billion in relief funding for the states affected by the storm.

Money flowed to the Island through several federal channels, including the Department of Housing and Urban Development.

New York Rising was established to help distribute all of the HUD aid, which is being spent on housing, small business recovery, community reconstruction and infrastructure.

The Island’s $250 million infrastructure allocation represents a sliver of the $4.4 billion in NY Rising funding and was earmarked not only for resiliency measures but also to bolster communities’ economic growth.

New York City got a separate allocation.

Cuomo launched the New York Rising Community Reconstruction Program in July 2013.

But the state didn’t get enough of a financial commitment from the federal government to fund the large-scale infrastructure improvements that local communities need to prevent the type of devastation brought by Sandy, experts and officials said.

So the groups said they decided to address other, smaller issues, in many cases.

A representative of the governor’s office said the projects were selected because they had community support and the backing of the local municipality in charge of carrying out the work.

The groups divided their plans into three categories: “proposed,” “featured” and “additional resiliency.”

Newsday’s analysis focuses on only the “proposed” plans because they are more likely than the rest to receive funding, officials said. The projects in that category for the 21 New York Rising groups cost $381 million to $427 million.

The 25 projects announced by Cuomo’s office this week could be implemented soonest — another reason why they were selected, an official said.

The costliest plan, at about $20 million, will fund storm water infrastructure upgrades in Cedarhurst, Hewlett, Hewlett Harbor, Hewlett Neck, Inwood, Lawrence and Woodmere.

It might include the use of pervious pavement, which allows water to move more easily from the roadway to the ground, and landscaping to help remove pollutants from the water, in addition to targeted drainage improvements.

Members of that group did not respond to calls for comment.

In Long Beach, the state chose to fund a $12.45 million project that would replace and install bulkheads along its bay side. Officials said the plan is the most shovel-ready of all the proposals.

City Manager Jack Schnirman said the project will replace sporadic bulkheading of varying heights with a contiguous wall of protection at least 9 feet high.

While he doesn’t know if it would be enough to protect the region from another superstorm, he said it would be a good first step.

“There is no such thing as storm prevention,” he said. “Only mitigation. You cannot prevent Mother Nature from foiling even the best plans.”

Oceanside is slated to get $10.32 million to do an analysis and then improve its storm water drainage system. Likewise, Barnum Island/Island Park/Harbor Isle will see $9.9 million in drainage improvements, the state said.

But not all 25 plans would mitigate flooding or strengthen the communities’ infrastructure.

Fire Island, the Village of Babylon and the Massapequas will get generators, for example.

The Baldwin/Baldwin Harbor group is receiving $800,000 to plan for a resiliency study of long-term future of its commercial corridors.

Mahler said he’s disappointed in the selection because it won’t keep water out of the area.

And it means “real work” could be years off, he said.

‘Huge waste of money’

“It’s a huge waste of money,” Mahler said. “Studies go nowhere. They take years and then people sit around a table and talk about it rather than doing something.”

He wanted a retractable dam at Silver Lake Park and improvements to the sewer system.

A majority — 125 of 229 — of the priority projects proposed by the community groups would do nothing to strengthen infrastructure or resiliency.

For example, the Atlantic Beach/East Atlantic Beach group asked for $2 million to create a community assistance center; Babylon and West Babylon sought nearly $1 million in emergency equipment; Lindenhurst asked for a quarter-million dollars to upgrade its website to make it more nimble in an emergency; Mastic Beach asked for $231,000 to start a 3.5-mile bike path.

Yet in the 400 “additional” or “featured” requests, there are scores of measures that would provide mitigation.

Freeport, for instance, included a program to regularly maintain and protect flood valves, the identification of roads that need to be raised, and a study on how to protect the Nautical Mile from storm surge, sea level rise and coastal flooding in the “additional” category.

Oakdale and West Sayville listed the possible raising of bulkheads in this same category with no cost associated.

Baldwin and Baldwin Harbor listed the installation of 25 tidal valves and the identification of long-term retreat and resilience options for residents and businesses as “featured” items.

South Valley Stream did the same, placing bulkhead repairs in that same grouping. The cost would be $5.5 million for two such projects. That group also listed the study of floodgates and flood protection alternatives at Hook Creek and Motts Creek and the elevation of Rockaway Turnpike and Nassau Expressway as “additional” measures with a $920,000 price tag.

South Valley Stream is getting $1.7 million to restore the natural shoreline along a greenway walking path along Valley Stream at the end of Cloverfield Road North, planting trees, creating more open space and installing other green infrastructure. It was one of the New York Rising group’s top projects.

Freeport, in an effort to better protect its electrical infrastructure and prevent power outages, will get a “proposed” request of $3 million to replace and extend the buried portion of key electric distribution cables beyond its boatyard to protect the lines from freed boats and debris during storm surges.

A representative of the Freeport group could not be reached.

Though some hail such plans, others wonder if projects like this will protect the area in a major storm.

“It will help, but is it going to prevent a flood? No,” said Freeport Mayor Robert Kennedy. “It may provide a safer environment in the case of a flood, but in my opinion, providing some type of a gate at the inlets and building up the barrier island would better protect Nassau County.”

Defending choices

Members of the New York Rising groups defended their choices.

Atlantic Beach and East Atlantic Beach will get $720,000 to make the existing Water Reclamation Plant better able to resist future storms. Jonathan Kohan, co-chair of its New York Rising group, said the money will serve a critical need.

Without wastewater treatment, he said, residents would have to leave during a storm. Although saltwater poured into the plant during the storm, it still was able to operate during Sandy.

The second biggest priority, Kohan said, are health and safety issues, which is why the group would like solar-powered streetlights.

“We were in darkness for 10 days to two weeks,” he said. “By doing this, we are protecting our lives and property. Our community has taken the position that these things are fundamental to the safety of our residents and that’s why they are the first couple of projects in order of priority.”

In West Islip, the state announced plans for a $1.3 million capital improvement study — mostly focused on drainage.

Some improvements would be made from its recommendations.

Larry Donahue, who helped craft the group’s plan, was looking for something more extensive and concrete two years after the storm.

“I guess that’s a good step,” he said, but he thought the document his group came up with was already a study and that it clearly outlined what is needed. “I don’t mean to rain on this parade, but when does the community get to see something? I can’t say I’m overjoyed with it. I can’t help wondering after the election is over, is anybody going to remember any of this stuff? Will there be any follow-through on it?”

Resiliency questioned

None of the projects will dramatically improve Long Island’s resilience and for that, experts say, it’s worth examining infrastructure projects in other parts of the country and the world.

Dunes in the Netherlands stand 30 feet high in some places; highways are built upon them and vegetation holds them in place, said Malcolm Bowman, a world-renowned oceanography expert.

Long Island might want to consider a similar plan, though it’s unfathomable to some residents, said Bowman, a professor of physical oceanography at Stony Brook University.

“The downside is that they cannot see the ocean from their front windows,” Bowman said, adding that Long Islanders can’t have it both ways. “That is a bugaboo here. Nobody wants to lose the view.”

Jay Tanski, New York Sea Grant Coastal Processes and Facilities Specialist, said the state is skipping a crucial step: New York must first study its shores to have a better understanding of how they’ve changed in the past 50 years.

Right now, he said, such studies are scattershot.

“We don’t have enough information about the shoreline,” he said. “Some of this money could be spent to develop a program to truly understand what is happening on the coast.”

This is particularly true of the North Shore, Tanski said, where far too little data has been collected. Without this knowledge, it would be difficult to develop a solid shoreline stabilization plan, he said. The North Shore did not suffer as much damage as the South Shore during Sandy. “Even the low-energy shorelines are changing,” he said. “But we have no information on that process.”

Catch basins, bulkheading and the restoration of wetlands could help, Cameron said — his engineering firm worked with some of the New York Rising groups in Suffolk County — but what the region really needs, in addition to dunes and sea gates, is major elevation of its critical infrastructure.

As for the sea gates, the cost is a deterrent, Cameron said.

“They are expensive today,” he said. “But what if you knew within five years you would get another Sandy? Would you say it’s too expensive? You probably could build a system on the South Shore of Long Island for less than the damage caused by Sandy 2. But that was not an option for the present level of funding.”

Before any of the 25 projects approved by the state gets underway, the Governor’s Office of Storm Recovery will pay for their environmental reviews. The state brought on Hunt, Guillot and Associates, a Louisiana-based project management and engineering services firm with a history of shaping large- and small-scale infrastructure projects, to make sure each plan is eligible for federal grants and to ensure the monies are spent according to federal requirements.

In addition, local municipalities must each draft agreements saying they will adhere to all federal guidelines. And they must file a 30- to 40-page application detailing their plans and related costs — all before a single shovel hits the ground.

In a Mystery, a Baby Black Bear Is Found Dead in Central Park

New York Times, October 7th, 2014


The furry black mass lay hidden under a bush near Central Park’s main loop, unnoticed, unmoving and partially concealed by an abandoned bicycle. A dog rustling in the brush drew the first eyes to the bush and a sight rarely, if ever, found in modern Manhattan: a baby black bear, dead.

A call to 911 followed and soon yellow police tape cordoned off the area near West 69th Street as detectives found themselves facing a mysterious crime scene on a sunny Monday morning.

How the animal, a three-foot-long female, got to that spot remained a mystery at day’s end: a cub, probably born this year, somehow separated from her mother and from anything resembling a natural habitat.

Bears have not been seen outside captivity in the park in recent memory. History records the shooting of a wild black bear in Manhattan, but it was several centuries ago. “This is a highly unusual situation,” said Elizabeth Kaledin, a spokeswoman for the Central Park Conservancy. “It’s awful.”

The police described the bear as having had trauma to her body, but it was not immediately clear how she had died.

“The mouth was open and it looked bloody,” said Florence Slatkin, 79, who found the bear while walking her dog, a Chihuahua mix named Paco, with a friend near her Upper West Side home. “At first, I thought it was a raccoon.” She said her friend’s dog first drew their attention to the bicycle before they noticed the dead animal by one wheel.

Nearby, New Yorkers increasingly familiar with wildlife sightings — a coyote in the park, a dolphin off Throgs Neck in the Bronx — offered theories of their own. Some suspected foul play. Others guessed an accident with a car. One man confidently pronounced the bear old enough to have wandered over from Morris County, N.J.

For several hours, detectives with the Police Department’s Animal Cruelty Investigation Squad pored over the grass and bushes near the bustling central drive, searching for clues and trying to determine how the bear had ended up in the park and whether she could have been alive when she arrived.

Lucas Altman told the police that he believed one of his two black Labradors had sniffed the bear during their walk Sunday night. An officer told him the bear appeared to have been dragged to the spot where she was found. “They don’t at this moment think the bear wandered there on its own,” Mr. Altman said, suggesting nefarious human involvement.

Perhaps that is how the bear evaded notice — in life and in death — as it came to rest in a section of the park usually packed with tourists, bicycle riders and pedestrians but barren of large wildlife. After finding the body around 9:30 a.m., Ms. Slatkin alerted members of the park’s staff, who called the police.

Black bear populations have grown in recent years around the city, particularly in New Jersey, where they have no natural predators, said Patrick R. Thomas, associate director of the Bronx Zoo, run by the Wildlife Conservation Society. Bears once roamed the city, but had not done so for quite some time, he said. “There’s a record of one being shot in Manhattan in 1630,” he said.

By late afternoon, a park ranger in orange gloves and a detective secured the bear’s body in a tarp and placed it in a car bound for a suburb of Albany where the State Department of Environmental Conservation’s wildlife pathology unit was to determine the cause of death.

State law prohibits bears from being kept as pets, and Ms. Kaledin said there were currently no bears in the Central Park Zoo, though an exhibit with two grizzly bears is to open there soon.

Giovanna Di Bernardo, who lives nearby, described the bear’s appearance, not to mention her death, as “puzzling.”

She had seen plenty of weird things on her regular walks in the park. A rabid raccoon for instance. But this, she said, this she would put at the top of the list.

Another reason to not let your cats out.

Endangered piping plovers enjoy a baby boom this summer in Rockaway

New York Daily News, August 11th, 2014


There’s been a baby boom among Rockaway’s piping plovers.

Twelve nesting pairs of the endangered birds successfully raised about 25 fledglings this year — five times the 2013 amount.

The spike has left conservationists scratching their heads after only five chicks survived to fly south for the winter last year.

“There is a huge difference between last year and this year, but we can’t say for sure what allowed that to happen,” said city Park Ranger Brooke Skelly, who monitors the plump, sparrow-sized birds with three other team members.

The sand-colored, federally-protected piping plover — named for its plaintive, bell-like whistle — builds its nest in the sand near the shoreline every year from March until the end of August between Beach 38th St. and Beach 56th St.

The recent dredging along the beach to help build up the hurricane-ravaged shoreline could have given gulls and crows another source of food – sparing the plover chicks from predators.

“We did notice there was a huge population of gulls feeding on whatever they pulled out of the ocean,” said Skelly.

Protecting the plovers along the Eastern seaboard, including Rockaway, has drawn grumbles from some who resent seeing large sections of beach roped off and manpower dedicated to keeping watch over the birds.

The National Park Service monitors plovers on their stretch of beach on the western end of the peninsula.

Federal and state authorities mandate special accommodations for the plovers, which were almost driven into extinction decades ago.

“It’s just part of the whole fragile web of life,” said Don Riepe, who heads the northeast chapter of the American Littoral Society. “The more species we lose, the less diversity we have in our environment.”

In the late 1800s, plover feathers were used to decorate women’s hats. In more recent years, shoreline development destroyed the habitats suitable for the birds to breed.

There are now about 800 breeding pairs, including 200 in New York, according to the state Department of Conservation.

The tiny stout birds, which weigh between one and two ounces and are about five inches long, also fall prey to stray cats and rats.

Skelly leads a seasonal plover team of three: Nathan Green, Natalia Quinteros and Victor Yin. All have experience or have studied wildlife biology.

For eight hours, seven days a week they watch over the plovers, recording their activities and maintaining the fences that protect their breeding area.

They also explain the work to beachgoers who often wonder why the section between Beach 38 to Beach 56 is off limits.

But the plovers have fans too, who often ask team members for a status update as they pass on the boardwalk.

“I think we can all co-exist with a lot of knowledge and tolerance,” said Riepe. “There’s enough beach for everyone.”



The 2013 Toxics Release Inventory preliminary dataset containing the most current TRI data is now available.
You can find out:
  • What toxic chemicals a particular industrial facility is using
  • How much is being released into the environment 
  • Whether the facility is recycling or treating any of the toxic chemical waste, or burning any of it for energy recovery
  • Whether a facility initiated any pollution prevention activities in the most recent calendar year
You can access the data through Envirofacts or downloadable data files on the TRI website. With theEnvirofacts TRI Search, it’s simple – just enter a facility name, location, industry sector, or chemical name.
New to TRI? Why not get familiar with some common TRI terms before you start using the data? Or, you can explore a TRI facility to learn about how and where TRI chemicals are used in one type of industry.

West Nile Virus Detected In NYC Mosquitoes

Yeshiva World, July 15th, 2014


For the first time this season, the Health Department has detected West Nile virus in New York City mosquitoes. The infected mosquitoes were collected from the Douglaston and College Point neighborhoods in Queens and Old Town from Staten Island. No human cases have been reported this season. The Health Department will increase mosquito surveillance by setting up additional traps and treating catch basins in the affected areas. The Health Department will continue its efforts to kill mosquito larvae before they can bite by applying larvicide in the city’s catch basins, marshland, and areas with standing water.

“Now that West Nile virus has returned to New York City, it is important to take simple precautions to protect you and your family,” said Health Commissioner Dr. Mary Bassett. “During warm weather, mosquitoes can breed in any still water that stands for more than four days, so the most effective way to control mosquitoes is to eliminate standing water. New Yorkers are also encouraged to mosquito-proof their homes, wear mosquito repellent and cover their arms and legs if they’re outside at dawn or dusk. New Yorkers over 50 should be especially cautious, as they are more likely to develop serious illness if they contract the virus.”

Not everyone infected with West Nile virus will become ill. However, West Nile virus can cause serious complications, including neurological diseases, and can also cause a milder flu-like illness with headache, fever and fatigue, weakness and sometimes rash. If you think you have symptoms of West Nile virus, see your doctor right away.

In addition, the Health Department will apply larvicide by helicopter to marsh and other non-residential areas of Staten Island, the Bronx and Queens on Thursday, July 17, Friday, July 18 and Monday, July 21, between the hours of 6 a.m. and 7 p.m. weather permitting. In case of bad weather, application will be delayed untilFriday, July 18, Monday, July 21 and Tuesday, July 22 during the same hours. While three days are allotted for this activity, the application may be completed in less time.

The areas to be treated appear below. These are marshy, natural areas, which are common breeding grounds for mosquitoes. Due to their size and inaccessibility by ground vehicles, these areas will be treated with larvicide from a low-flying helicopter.

VectoBac™ CG, VectoMax™ CG/FG and/or VectoLex™ CG/FG – all containing naturally occurring bacteria – will be used for this application. These larvicides are used throughout the mosquito season to treat mosquito-breeding sites. These products are approved by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and the New York State Department of Environmental Conservation.

Reducing Exposure to Mosquitoes

  • Use an approved insect repellent containing picaridin, DEET, oil of lemon eucalyptus (not for children under three), or products that contain the active ingredient IR3535.
  • Make sure windows have screens and repair or replace screens that have tears or holes.
  • Eliminate any standing water from your property and dispose of containers that can collect water. Standing water is a violation of the New York City Health Code.
  • Make sure roof gutters are clean and draining properly.
  • Clean and chlorinate swimming pools, outdoor saunas and hot tubs. Keep them empty or covered if not in use; drain water that collects in pool covers.
  • Report standing water by calling 311 or visiting

MARKETING News from the New York Times

City of Yonkers Green Policy Task Force

“All the Green News That’s Fit to Print”

June 15, 2014

The City of Yonkers Green Policy Task Force, established on Earth Day in 2007, is comprised of seven community volunteers, each appointed by a City Council member, and a representative selected by the city administration. Its members compile research on and submit potential legislative initiatives to the City Council; work on environmental quality-of-life improvements for the Yonkers community; apply for and administer environmental grants; define public health issues for the city; and foster educational outreach for Yonkers students and the community-at-large.

GPTF June Meeting: Wednesday, June 18, 6:30 pm
Fourth Floor Conference Room, City Hall.
Agenda: Sustainable Landscapes Report: Molly Roffman
Reuseable Bag Report: Bob Walters
Discussion: Hastings Ordinance re: Plastic Bags and Polystyrene
Brad and Terry: Urban Green Council Walking Tour of Yonkers planning
Any other items that come before the GPTF

Notes From the Plasticene Epoch

from the New York Times Editorial Page, June 15, 2014

From Ocean to Beach, Tons of Plastic Pollution

Like diamonds, plastics are forever. The tons dumped into the ocean float around, swirling on currents, breaking into smaller bits, never going away. Scientists have identified huge gyres of plastic in the Pacific. There is an Eastern Garbage Patch, between Hawaii and California; a Western Garbage Patch, off Japan, and a patch between them called the Subtropical Convergence Zone, north of Hawaii.

The patches are misunderstood to be visible islands of debris; you can’t actually see them from a boat or plane. They are more like vast, soupy concentrations of flotsam, some of it large, some tiny, all indigestible, sickening and killing fish, birds, whales and turtles.

What you can see is what washes ashore, as countless tons of plastic do on the Hawaiian Islands, which stick up like the teeth of a comb in the middle of the northern Pacific, snagging what drifts by.

On the southern tip of the Big Island of Hawaii, deep ocean currents rub against the remote and rocky shoreline. Volunteers regularly make a long, hot trip to clean the beaches, hauling away fishing nets, lines and traps, toys, shoes, buckets and bottles. Some of the fishing debris is shipped to a Honolulu power plant and incinerated. Some is left on the beach, and more always appears.

The Hawaii Wildlife Fund, which organizes the cleanups, estimates that they have removed about 169 tons of garbage in the last 11 years from a 10-mile stretch of Hawaii Island alone, and that about 15 tons to 20 tons of new trash comes ashore each year.

On May 24, two dozen people went out again.

They collected 1,312 pounds of trash, including:

  • 191,739 plastic fragments
  • 562 bottle or container caps
  • 93 toothbrushes
  • 64 beverage bottles
  • 48 hagfish traps
  • 35 buoys and floats
  • 3 refrigerator doors
  • 3 G.I. Joe Real American Hero toys

On a nearby beach at Kamilo Point, geologists have identified a new kind of plastic-infused rock, in areas where the plastic is so abundant in the sand and soil you can’t avoid burning it in campfires.

A paper published this month by the Geological Society of America suggests that “plastiglomerate” will someday be part of the fossil record, marking the geological era that some call the Anthropocene, for the human influence.

On Monday in Washington, the State Department will be holding an ocean conference. The topics are ocean acidification, sustainable fishing and marine pollution. The nations represented include the Seychelles, St. Lucia, Kiribati, Palau, Chile, Togo, Norway and New Zealand. Significant progress on healing the oceans is not expected.

The next cleanup is July 13 at Kamilo Point. The effort may seem futile, but at least people are doing something, like the volunteers working along shorelines in the Northeast, Texas, the Pacific Northwest and the Great Lakes.

World leaders, meanwhile? The nations of an increasingly plasticized planet? They are drifting in circles.

Our Members:
Chairperson: Terry Joshi

City Council President: President Liam McLaughlin with Robert Walters

District 1: Councilmember Christopher Johnson with Clifford Schneider

District 2: Councilmember Corazon Pineda with Nortrud Spero

District 3: Minority Leader Michael Sabatino with Robert Hothan

District 4: Councilmember Dennis Shepherd with Terry Joshi

District 5: Councilmember Mike Breen with Molly Roffman

District 6: Majority Leader John Larkin with Mel Goldstein

Mayor Mike Spano’s Appointee: Brad Tito